Preferred habitats are open, treeless areas including:
- Arid grsasslands
- Grassy brushlands
- Semi-desert regions
- Sagebrush and forbs form the majority of the pronghorn's diet.
Pronghorn are classified as Sensitive in the General Status of Alberta Wild Species report. See:
- Sensitive populations are highly susceptible to extreme climatic conditions.
- Found mainly in the southeastern portion of the province. Cultivation of native prairie threatens habitat.
See details in the Alberta Guide to Hunting Regulations. To view the guide online or to order a printed copy, visit
the My Wild Alberta website at:
Is the pronghorn an antelope?
Though it sometimes bears the name, the pronghorn is not a true antelope. True antelope have permanent, unbranched horns.
The horns of the pronghorn are unique in that they are branched, or pronged, and they are not permanent. The outer sheath
or "horn," composed mainly of hair, is shed every fall.
How do pronghorns defend against predators?
Pronghorns have several natural abilities that allow them to evade predators. They have excellent vision, which enables
them to see accurately over great distances. They are also capable of speeds up to 80 kilometres per hour (50 miles per
hour), so they can easily outrun most predators.