Golden trout are the most colourful of trout, with an olive-green back and bright red-to-gold sides and belly.
In the spring spawning season, the colours are extremely intense.
Golden trout are native only to a few small lakes and streams at high elevations in the Sierra Nevada of California.
In 1959, they were introduced into a few lakes in the mountains of southwestern Alberta.
Golden trout are very specialized for their high mountain lake environment, and do not do well in lower-elevation streams
Spawning takes place from early June to the middle of July in southwestern Alberta, and from late June to late July in west-central
parts of the province.
Golden trout spawn in small mountain streams. Occasional lake spawning has occurred for this species, but this is rare.
Female golden trout dig nests, also known as a redds, and deposit eggs there for the males to fertilize. Fertilized eggs
are covered with gravel by the females.
Eggs incubate in the nest for more than a month before hatching.
The short growing season of the high mountain lakes does not allow this trout to grow fast, and so most golden trout are
Golden trout are classified as Exotic/Alien in the current General Status of Alberta Wild Species report. See:
Golden trout are cold-water game fish subject to current Alberta sportfishing regulations. For details, see the My Wild
Alberta website at:
Updated: April 3, 2009