- Body length ranges from 55 to 122 centimetres (2 to 4 feet).
- Wingspan can measure up to 178 centimetres (about 6 feet).
- White cheek patches on a black head and neck identify these geese at rest or in flight.
- The back and wings are grayish brown, the breast and sides light grayish brown, with abdomen and upper and lower tail coverts
- The beak and legs are black.
- Call is a loud and familiar ah-honk.
- These geese are widely distributed, ranging from the northern United States to the Arctic. Occasionally, they winter in
- Canada geese nest on the ground, preferably on islands in the many rivers and lakes and occasionally in nesting boxes.
- Their food consists of eel grass, grass shoots and grain.
- They make regular morning and evening flights from the lakes to grain fields and feed in the same spot for several days
if not disturbed.
- The nest consists of reeds and grass, lined with down.
- Four to seven eggs of a creamy-white color are laid.
Canada geese are classified as Secure in the current General Status of Alberta Wild Species report. See:
Hunting season information for this species is provided in the current Alberta Guide to Hunting Regulations. To
view the guide online or to order a printed copy, visit the My Wild Alberta website at:
Updated: Jan 8, 2014